Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

21/04/2020

 

Limp in Leap out Physiotherapy & Wellness in Belfield provides servicing to many near by Inner West suburbs including Belmore, Strathfield and Croydon park. See our weekly blog below if you are interested in new research, facts, general information or ideas.

 

Do you experience pain at the front of the knee during squatting, walking up/ down the stairs and after standing for a long period of time? But you can't exactly pinpoint where the pain is around the knee? Read this blog to see if you need to see someone about it because you might potentially have patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) aka runner’s knees.

 

What is PFPS?

PFPS is an overuse condition that involves maltracking of the knee cap. The role of the kneecap is to improve leverage during knee extension (straightening the leg). In a healthy population, the kneecap sits nicely inside a groove created by the femur. In this condition, the kneecap is not tracking well and it is favoring one side. Therefore one side of the patella constantly gets rubbed against the bone and gets irritated and causes pain.

 

Who could be at risk of acquiring PFPS?

Population with the following:

  • Leg length discrepancy

  • Hamstring + quads or hip musculature tightness

  • Muscle weakness or imbalance

  • Jumping/ running athletes who overloads the knee joint due to excessive repetitive knee usage

  • Abnormal foot biomechanics

 

How can physiotherapy help?

Since PFPS usually is mainly caused by weakness, tightness and overloading of the knee, we would have to address these issues by:

  1. Deload the knee joint by minimising activities that intensifies your pain. The will avoid doing further damage to promote healing.

  2. Prescribe an appropriate strengthening program. According to Collins et al., 2018, patients who participate in hip and knee muscles strengthening have reduced pain in the short and long term.

  3. Soft tissue releases the surrounding muscles to decrease the stress at the patellofemoral joint.

  4. Tailored taping will improve patellar tracking in the groove within the femur and reduces pain.

 

Take home message:

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is one of the most common knee conditions. If you experience pain at the front of the knee during sports or any daily activities - don't let it take over your lifestyle! You can be playing sports or living your life pain free. See our physiotherapists for a comprehensive assessment and management plan to take control of PFPS.

This information can be used to gain a better understanding of carpel tunnel syndrome. To find out more about how we can help your carpel tunnel syndrome, or to book in for a consultation you can contact us via our Limp in Leap out Physiotherapy & Wellness contact us page, or book online here.

 

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Written by Willis

Physiotherapist

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