What you need to know about Shoulder Dislocations

12/07/2019

 

Limp in Leap out Physiotherapy & Wellness in Belfield provides servicing to many near by Inner West suburbs including Belmore, Strathfield and Croydon park. See our weekly blog below if you are interested in new research, facts, general information or ideas.

Lets talk shoulder dislocations and common complications post dislocation. ​

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The shoulder (glenohumeral) joint is the most mobile and one of the most active joints in the body. With this being the case, the shoulder joint can be exposed to forces that may cause dislocation, leading it to be one of the most dislocated joints in the body. (Kalkar et al., 2017). In order to prevent the shoulder joint from dislocating it relies on both static and dynamic soft tissue; this comprises of muscles, cartilage and ligaments. 

 

The most common form of shoulder dislocation is anterior (forward) dislocation caused by trauma. There are two common complications that can occur with shoulder dislocations:

  • When a shoulder is dislocated, it has the ability to tear the front and lower part of the labrum which the humerous bone sits in. This is called a Bankart lesion.

  • Secondly, the head of the humerous (top of arm bone) can be fractured towards the back of the shoulder, this is called a hill-sachs lesion.

 

... If these injuries occur, the shoulder has a high chance of dislocation reoccurring. 

 

So what can you do if you've had a shoulder dislocation? Depending on the severity of the dislocation, the impact of the surrounding soft tissue structures, or if conservative treatment hasn't worked, one may require surgery.

 

If ones dislocation doesnt require surgery, or surgery has already been performed to fix the effects of the shoulder dislocation, then a strengthening program should be adopted. By using a strengthening program focusing on strength of the shoulder/ rotator cuff muscles as well as improving the integrity of the shoulder capsule ligaments, one will be able to prevent the chance of dislocation reoccuring. You will also give your shoulder the best possible chance of restoring function and movement. 

 

This information can be used to gain a better understanding on use of shoulder dislocations and rehabilitaiton following a shoulder dislocation. To find out more about how we can help shoulder dislocations, book in for a consultation you can contact us via our Limp in Leap out Physiotherapy & Wellness contact us page, or book online here.

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Written by James

Physiotherapist

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